William Brunskill – A Georgian Executioner

A Hanging Outside Newgate, Courtesy of Wikipedia
A Hanging Outside Newgate, Courtesy of Wikipedia

William Brunskill began his career as a hangman, working as an assistant to Edward Dennis. At the time, Dennis, was the principal and official executioner for London and Middlesex. During Dennis’s career — from 1771 to 1786 — one of his busiest days was 2 February 1785. On that day, Dennis was assisted by Brunskill and hanged 20 men. Dennis had an impressive record during his several years, as he was responsible for the death of 201 offenders. However, Brunskill would be responsible for more deaths than Dennis and his career would be nearly 30 years long — 1786 to 1815. Moreover, during Brunskill’s appointment as principal and official executioner, he executed an astonishing 537 convicted criminals.

Brunskill assumed the position of principal hangman on 22 November 1786 the day after Dennis died. On that day, Brunskill successfully hanged seven men. However, reports are that Brunskill, while a sober and thoughtful man, was not necessarily the best hangman. He suffered several execution mishaps during his career. One mishap occurred after the British Lieutenant Governor of Gorée Island, named Joseph Wall, was sentenced to die for the fatal flogging of one of his soldiers. Brunskill strung him up, but unfortunately, the noose knot slipped. It took the poor condemned man 15 minutes of convulsing and struggling before he entered heaven.

John Bellingham, Courtesy of Wikipedia
John Bellingham, Courtesy of Wikipedia

Fortunately, not all of Brunskill’s hangings were so poorly executed. He successfully hanged the famous traitor Colonel Edward Despard who joined with the United Britons movement and schemed to assassinate George III in 1802. Likewise, Brunskill experienced no problems when he hanged John Bellingham — a man who petitioned the British government for compensation for a wrong he believed was committed by the Russian government — and, when his compensation was refused, in retaliation Bellingham assassinated Britain’s Prime Minister Spencer Perceval in cold blood.

Brunskill, similar to other executioners, also did not just perform hangings. Whatever punishment was ordered — flogging, burning at the stake, etc. — was carried out by Brunskill. In fact, Brunskill’s legacy involves the last woman in England to be officially burned at the stake. Her name was Catherine Murphy, and she and her husband were convicted of counterfeiting and sentenced to death. Her husband was hanged by Brunskill, along with seven other criminals. Afterwards, Murphy was brought out past the men’s dangling bodies and tied to the stake. According to testimony, she was strangled to death before she burnt (a chair beneath her was removed, which caused her death), and, so she was not actually burned alive at the stake.

Brunskill earned his living through commissions and, perhaps, that may have been part of the reason for the numerous executions he oversaw during his career. Similar to other executioners, Brunskill’s was also reviled by the public and frequently suffered public abuse, particularly while in the performance of his duties. However, despite the public’s derision, Brunskill continued undaunted in his duties until at the age of 72, in May of 1815, he suffered a seizure and was paralyzed. Unable to continue, his reward for all his nearly 30 years of service, was not much: “a pension of fifteen shillings a week.”


  • Abbott, Geoffrey, What a Way to Go, 2007
  • An Authentic Narrative of the Life of Joseph Wall, 1802
  • “Execution of Col. Despard,” in Bury and Norwich Post, 23 February 1803
  • “Execution of Governor Wall,” in Bury and Norwich Post, 3 February 1802
  • “John Bellingham,” The Proceedings of the Old Bailey
  • “Old Bailey Intelligence,” in The Times, 19 Sept 1788
  • Tegg’s Dictionary of Chronology, 1854

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