Regency Horse Terms H-Z

Regency horse

Hackney Coach, Author’s Collection

HACKNEY was a term used to refer to a hired horse that pulled a carriage.
Any horse that was not a thoroughbred was known as a HALF-BRED.
A HANDGALLOP refers to a slow easy gallop.
The part of the bridle that covered the head was known as the HEADSTALL.
A horse was said to be HIDEBOUND when its skin stuck so hard to its ribs and back you could not pull it up or loosen it.
A person who tamed horses to the saddle was known as a HORSEBREAKER.
HOURSECOURSER was the person who kept the horses for the race or dealt in horses.
A leach that bit a horse was called a HORSELEACH.
HORSEPOND was a pond used to water horses.
HOSTLER or OSTLER was a groom or the person who took care of horses at an inn.

The person that rode the horse in a race was called a JOCKEY, but the word also meant to jostle another rider or ride unfairly in a race.

A dry scab on the pastern of horses was called MALANDERS.
Female horses were, and still are, known as MARES.

A small horse was referred to as a NAG.
NARROW HEELS was a disease or natural defect in a horse that resulted in chronic lameness.

A horse was said to OVERREACH when he brought his hinder feet too far forward, so as to strike his forefeet.

Pesade, Public Domain

Pesade, Public Domain

PAD referred to an easy horse pace or a low soft saddle.
PESADE was a movement performed when a horse raised on its hind legs and bent its forefeet towards his body.
A PIEBALD described a horse of various colors.
To be PIED referred to a variegated or parti-colored horse.
PIROUETTE (now known as dressage) was a French word used to describe whirling about, similar to a ballerina’s pirouette.
POLLEVIL was a large swelling or inflammation in the horse’s poll or at the nape of its neck.
A horse station for the use of a courier was known as a POSTHORSE.

QUITTER was a foot disease in a horse.

RAKING consisted of introducing the hand into a horses rectum and withdrawing any hardened dung.
A hackney or a horse kept on the road was called a ROADSTER.
A bay or sorrel with grey or white interspersed spots was known as a ROAN.
ROARING was an inflammation in the tracheal tube of a horse.
A ROUGHRIDER was the person that broke or tamed a horse.

A violent check by a rider to his horse was called a SACCADE and was achieved by drawing both the reins back suddenly.
SADDLEGALL was an injury to the horse’s back caused from an ill-fitting saddle.
A SADDLEBACKED horse was a horse with a low back but raised head and neck.
The person who made a living from creating saddles was called a SADDLER.
SANDCRACK was disease in the horse’s hoof.
A diminutive horse that was peculiar to the Shetland Isles was called a SHETLAND pony.
SNAFFLE was a bridle that crossed the nose or a kind of bit for a bridle. It also meant to bridle or manage the horse.
When a horse’s foot was turned inward it was referred to as SPLAYFOOTED.
SPRINGHALT was a lameness where a horse twitched its legs.
The SPUR HAND is a horseman’s right hand.
A horse with apoplexy or madness was said to suffer from STAGGERS.
STALKINGHORSE was a horse, either real or fictitious, by which a fowler sheltered him from the sight of game.
An uncastrated male horse was called a STALLION or a STONEHORSE.
STEEPLECHASE was a race across the countryside by hunters.
When applied to a horse, STICKLEBACK meant heavy and lazy but not flippant.
A tumor under the jaw of a young horse was known as STRANGLES.
STRINGHALT was a sudden twitching and pulling up of the hind leg.
SURCINGLE was a girth with which the saddle was secured.
To be SUREFOOTED meant to tread firmly and not stumble.
SURFEIT was a disease of large pimples or lumps that suddenly appeared on a horse’s skin.

Trot, Courtesy of Wikipedia

Trot, Courtesy of Wikipedia

TITS was a contemptible term used to describe a small horse.
An instrument used to restrain horses when they were shod was known as a TREVIS.
A TROT was defined as moving at a high jolting pace.
TURF referred to a racecourse or to be engaged in horse racing.

VIVES was a disease where the horse’s parotid glands were swollen beneath the ears.

The point where the bottom of the shoulder-bones joined the neck and mane was called the WITHERS.
WITHERWRUNG was an injury caused from a horse bite or from an ill-fitting saddle.

If you are interested in Regency Horse Terms A-G, click here.

References:

  • Astley, Philip, Astley’s System of Equestrian Education, 1802
  • Maxwell, William Hamilton, The Field Book, 1833
  • Taplin, William, The Gentleman’s Stable Directory, 1793
  • Wallis, Thomas, The Farrier’s Horseman’s Complete Dictionary, 1766

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