Freemasonry and the “Masonry of Adoption” in 18th Century France

Freemasonry membership in France included French nobles and many military men, but the largest portion of membership was the bourgeoisie who liked the idea of being members because they appreciated Freemasonry’s motto of equality. Those excluded from joining included Jews, actors, employees, workers, and servants, as well as women.  Fortunately for women, sometime in the … Continue reading Freemasonry and the “Masonry of Adoption” in 18th Century France